Two types of artifacts made of yellow earthenware were recovered from the Jacksonville “Blue China” site: the single mug featured here and five chamber pots. These yellow-bodied vessels resemble American made yellow-ware produced by British immigrant potters who established a number of potteries in the United States in the 1830s. Much of the yellow ware produced at this time was decorated in the British tradition with slip decoration most common. U.S. pottery locations included Bennington, Vermont; Trenton, New Jersey; East Liverpool and Cincinnati, Ohio; Troy, Indiana; and Louisville and Covington, Kentucky. Since no white-ﬁring clay sources were found in America until later in the century, yellow ochre bodies predominated. North American dipped wares of the period are difficult to distinguish from the yellow-bodied wares produced in potting centers in Great Britain. However, given the predominance of British ceramics identified on the “Blue China” shipwreck, the yellow wares are also very probably of English manufacture, and most likely from the Derbyshire region known for its yellow-bodied wares.
The simple slip decoration on this yellow mug consists of four thin brown stripes, two at the top and two at the bottom. The handle has broken off and no tally or maker’s mark is present. While similar to the slip-decorated whiteware mugs found at the wreck site, this yellow ware mug is the only example recovered among the ceramic assemblage.